shear


shear
[[t]ʃɪər[/t]]
v. sheared, sheared shorn, shear•ing,
1) to cut (something)
2) ahb. to remove by or as if by cutting or clipping:
to shear wool from sheep[/ex]
3) ahb. to cut or clip the hair, fleece, wool, etc., from:
to shear sheep[/ex]
4) to strip or deprive (usu. fol. by of):
to shear someone of power[/ex]
5) to travel through by or as if by cutting:
Chimney swifts sheared the air[/ex]
6) mec to subject (a solid body or structure) to shear
7) to cut or cut through something with a sharp instrument
8) mec gel to break along an internal plane in response to a force parallel to the plane
9) scot. Chiefly Scot. to reap crops with a sickle
10) Usu., shears. (sometimes used with a sing. v.)
a) scissors of large size (usu. used with pair of)
b) any of various other cutting implements or machines having two blades that suggest those of scissors
11) one blade of a pair of large scissors
12) ahb. the act or process of shearing or being sheared
13) ahb. a shearing of sheep (used in stating the age of sheep):
a sheep of one shear[/ex]
14) ahb. the quantity, esp. of wool or fleece, cut off at one shearing
15) bui Usu., shears. (usu. with a pl. v.) a framework for hoisting heavy weights, consisting of two or more spars with their legs separated, fastened together near the top and steadied by guys, which support a tackle
16) a machine for cutting rigid material by moving the edge of a blade through it
17) gel phs/mec
a) the tendency of a force applied to a solid body or structure, as a rock stratum, to cause deformation or rupture along a plane parallel to the force
b) deformation produced in this manner
Etymology: bef. 900; (v.) ME sheren, OE sceran, c. OFrisskera, OHG sceran, ON skera; (n.) ME sheres (pl.); cf. OE scērero (pl.), scēar (fem.) shear′er, n.

From formal English to slang. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shear — Shear, n. [AS. sceara. See {Shear}, v. t.] 1. A pair of shears; now always used in the plural, but formerly also in the singular. See {Shears}. [1913 Webster] On his head came razor none, nor shear. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Short of the wool, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shear — (sh[=e]r), v. t. [imp. {Sheared}or {Shore};p. p. {Sheared} or {Shorn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shearing}.] [OE. sheren, scheren, to shear, cut, shave, AS. sceran, scieran, scyran; akin to D. & G. scheren, Icel. skera, Dan. ski?re, Gr. ???. Cf. {Jeer},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shear — vb Shear, poll, clip, trim, prune, lop, snip, crop are comparable when they mean to cut off something (as a piece, an excrescence, or a limb). Shear is the most general word of this group; it usually implies the use of a sharp cutting instrument… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • shear´er — shear «shihr», verb, sheared or (Archaic) shore, sheared or shorn, shear|ing, noun. –v.t. 1. to cut with shears or scissors, especially in order to remove (wool or fleece): »to shear wool from sheep …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shear — ist der Name folgender Personen: Rhonda Shear (* 1954), US amerikanische Schauspielerin und Moderatorin Tom Shear (* 1971), US amerikanischer Sänger und Musiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shear — [ʃıə US ʃır] v past tense sheared past participle sheared or shorn [ʃo:n US ʃo:rn] [T] [: Old English; Origin: scieran] 1.) to cut the wool off a sheep 2.) literary to cut off someone s hair ▪ Her long fair hair had been shorn …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shear — (v.) O.E. sceran, scieran (class IV strong verb; past tense scear, pp. scoren), from P.Gmc. *sker to cut (Cf. O.N., O.Fris. skera, Du. scheren, Ger. scheren to shear ), from PIE * (s)ker to cut, to scrape, to hack (Cf. Skt. krnati hurts, wounds,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Shear — Shear, v. i. 1. To deviate. See {Sheer}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Engin.) To become more or less completely divided, as a body under the action of forces, by the sliding of two contiguous parts relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shear — shear, sheer Shear is a verb meaning ‘to remove by cutting’ or ‘to cut the wool off (a sheep)’, and has the past form sheared and the past participle shorn or (in the context of metal cutting) sheared. Sheer is an adjective describing a steep… …   Modern English usage

  • shear — ► VERB (past part. shorn or sheared) 1) cut the wool off (a sheep or other animal). 2) cut off with scissors or shears. 3) (be shorn of) be deprived or stripped of. 4) break off or cause to break off, owing to a structural strain. ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Shear — Shear. См. скол. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов